Day in Poznań

One day in Poznan

Ostrów Tumski
there is the oldest part of Poznań which is situated on the right side of Warta river. Probably here was a christening of Poland in 966 year. It is worthy to see historical monuments:

1. Peter and Paul Cathedral
arise in 968 year at the initiative of Mieszko I. It was destroyed during invasion of Czech in preiod 1038-39 and was reconstructed at the same century. In XIV and XV century the cathedral was expanded and changed in Gothic style. After fire in 1622 year and 1772 year was reconstructed in baroque style. At the end of XIX century after tower collapse it was reconstructed according to Bonawentura Salari's design and survived to 1945 year. The cathedral was reconstructed till 1960 year and the designer Franciszek Morawski restored Gothic style. The cathedral was place of wedding and funerals of polish queens and kings, in 1983 year Pope John Paulo II visited it. It's worthy to see stained-glass windows according to designs of Wacław Taranczewski , Stanisław Powalisz, Maria Powalisz-Bardońska, a font from 1720 year, Mieszko I and Bolesław Chrobry bronze statues.

2. The Blessed Virgin Mary Church in Summo
was built in period 1431-47 year, on the foundations of chapel from X century. The builders of church were: Hanusz Prus, Jan Lorek, Mikołaj from Poznań with his son. A thorough renovation has been done in XIX century, in period 1954-56 year Wacław Taranczewski designed stained-glass windows and altars.

Old market square
1. the most important place is town hall. It was build at the turn of XII and XIV century and it was rebuild in renaissance style by Jan Baptysta Quadro in XVI century. The building was destroyed in XVII i XVIII century and the next in 1945 year. In the half of XX century the town hall was rebuild in renaissance style. The only one part which was build in gothic style is the tower with eagle from at the end of XVIII century. Nowadays in the town hall is History's Museum of Poznań.
2. Palace of Górka Family
became into existence in first half of XVI century, on the foundations of gothic tenement houses, at the initiative of Andrzej Górka. The owners of palace from 1592 year, after expiration of Górka Family has been Czarnowski Family, later the city and in period 1605-1803 year was the Benedictine convent and after its liquidation was girls' school, a rent tenement house. After edifice's burning it was rebuild in second half of XX century and returned it shape from XVII-XVIII century. The trace of the old times is renaissance portal too. Nowadays the palace is seat of Archaeological Museum.
3. The Musical Instruments Museum
was establish by Zdzisław Szulc in historical tenement houses in 1945 year. He gift his own collection of 80 instruments. The following curators – Włodzimierz Kamiński, Jacek Podbielski and the current curator- Janusz Jaskulski have been increased museum's collection. Especially precious exhibits are: Celtic karnyx, baroque harpsichord from XVIII century, piano which has been used by Fryderyk Chopin for playing for Prince Radziwiłł in period 1827-29 year, polish violin from XVII century, collection of instruments from various countries.

Citadel
became into existence in XIX century. It's official name is Fort Winiary or Citadel Park. Here in 1945 year was the last execution of a war criminal- Artur Greiser. Nowadays on area's park are placed: many cemeteries like garrison with graves of participants from January and Wielkopolska uprising, from First World War, cemetery of Polish Heroes, the monuments of french and russia prisoners of war.
In buildings are seat :
The Poznań Army Museum
The Weapons Museum

Worthy for seightseeing are:
The Peace Bell
Reduta
North Gate
Bastion
amphitheatre
rosarium